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Devastating effects of obesity on the digestive system

 

Devastating effects of

 obesity on the digestive system


Dr. Shafak Sadigova, a gastroenterologist, revealed the negative effect of 

obesity in the whole body, but especially in the digestive tract.


Speaking to

 the newspaper Izvestia, the doctor says: 

"Today we are already witnessing the spread of the obesity pandemic.


 that not only adults but also children

suffer.

 And what's scary here is how obesity affects the digestive system. 

The risk of adenocarcinoma and esophageal isle disease in obese people

 was found to be higher. According to statistics


obese people develop in 90% of cases of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. 

Obesity also increases the risk of stomach, duodenal and liver cancer. "


It adds: 

Obesity is a chronic

degenerative and multifactorial disease, and neurobiological behaviour that 

leads to negative metabolic health, biomtructural and psychosocial consequences.

 Therefore, dealing with obesity must be comprehensive and on both sides

based on a close relationship between the doctor and the patient.

 Only in this case can success be achieved. 


According to them, in addition to the results of laboratory analyses, patients'

 willingness to change their lifestyle and health behaviour must be assessed.


She says:

 "Patients often wait for a magic pill, completely unaware of

 the consequences of severe and rapid weight loss, which they have gained in 

many months. because there are weight loss criteria to be observed 

for the operation to pass without major consequences and problems ".



Unexpected

 punishment for excess weight!

Scientists have found that high body fat not only leads to diabetes

cardiovascular disease, but also to reduced intelligence.


Canadian scientists from various research centres have come to this conclusion

 from their study of the data of more than 9,000 

Canadian nationals of 30-75 years of age.


In this study

researchers focused their attention on how overweight or obesity affects 

the normal state and function of the brain.


In addition 

to a general medical examination


all participants underwent MRI of the brain's blood vessels.

 The researchers also assessed all participants in terms of the volume of

 fatty tissue in the body, tested their cognitive abilities


concentration, attention, short-term memory, coordination of movements

speed of perception of new information and ability to work with them.


As the researchers predicted

the percentage of fat in women's body was higher than men

while men had a higher risk of "central obesity" 


fat deposits around the waist. 

It is also confirmed that excess weight, regardless of where it accumulates in

 the body, is dangerous to heart health, increases the risk of high blood

 pressure and diabetes, and adversely affects the state of blood vessels in the brain.


The unexpected discovery in this study is the inverse relationship between

 excess weight and the ability to think clearly - the higher the percentage of 

fatty tissue in the body, the worse and slower a person's thinking

as if excess fat reserves make the brain aging faster.


According to the researchers' calculations

every 9% of extra fat in the body "ages"

 intellectual abilities by about a year. 


This effect is not primarily in memory or understanding, but in the speed 

at which the brain processes new information. But it is not clear whether 

excess weight loss will lead to restoration of brain performance.